The Prostate


The common diseases affecting the prostate are benign hypertrophy of the prostate, carcinoma of the prostate and prostatitis. Prostatic calculi and tuberculosis of the prostate are two other diseases rarely affecting the prostate. These conditions usually occur in men over 50 years of age.

Before dealing with the diseases of the prostate, we must have an idea about the structure of prostate gland. Prostate is an accessory gland of male reproductive system, which adds to the bulk of the seminal fluid. (It is purely a genital organ; this is evinced by the fact that in animals manifesting a seasonal sexual life, the organ is rudimentary except during rutting season. The normal adult prostatic epithelium undergoes atrophy after castration) Prostate resembles an inverted cone and is firm in consistency, which lies below the neck of the urinary bladder and surrounding the commencement of male urethra. It lies behind the lower part of pubis symphysis and in front of rectum.
Size: About 4 cm across the base (width), 3cm vertically apex to base (length) and 2 cm antero-posteriorly (thickness)
Weight: About 8 gm.
Apex: Directed down wards between the medial margins of the levator ani muscle.
Base: Directed upwards and is structurally continues with the neck of bladder.
Surface: Four surfaces
Anterior surface lies 2cm behind the pubic symphysis with retro pubic fat intervening. Its upper part is connected to pubic bone by pubo- prostatic ligaments and the lower end is pierced by the urethra. Posterior surface: Triangle in shape. 4cm from the anus and can be easily palpated on digital examination through the rectum. Near its upper border it is pierced on each side of the median plane by the ejaculatory duct. Inferio-lateral surfaces: Related to anterior fibers of levator ani.
Lobes: The urethra and ejaculatory duct traverse the prostate and divide it into 5 lobes.
Anterior lobe: – is a small isthmus connecting the two lateral lobes in front of urethra. It contain little or no glandular tissues and there for seldom forms an adenoma
Posterior lobe: connects the two lateral lobes behind the urethra. Adenoma never occurs here. But the Primary carcinoma is said to begin in this part.
Median lobe: lies behind the upper part of the urethra and in front of the ejaculatory duct and just below the neck of the bladder. It contains much glandular tissues and is common site of adenoma.
Lateral lobe: lie on each side of the urethra. It contains enough of glandular tissues, which may form an adenoma in old age.
Capsule: Prostate has a thin capsule of fibro muscular tissues (true capsule) but is also enclosed in a loose sheath of visceral pelvic fascia (false capsule), which is separated from the capsule at the front and sides by prostatic venous plexus.Histology shows two well defined concentric zones separated by an ill-defined irregular capsule. The zones are absent anteriorly. Outer larger zone is composed of large branched gland. This is the exclusive zone for carcinoma. Inner smaller zone composed of submucosal glands and a group of short simple mucosal glands surrounding the upper part of the urethra. This zone is typically prone to benign hypertrophy of prostate due to oestrogenic stimulation.
Blood supply: Branches from inferior vesical, middle rectal and internal pudental artery. (Valve less communication between the prostatic and vertebral venous plexus exists through which the prostatic cancer can spread to vertebral column and the skull.)
Lymphatic drainage: In to the internal illiac and sacral nodes. Partly in to the external illiac nodes.
Nerve supply: Both sympathetic and Para sympathetic nerve.
Prostatic secretion is watery opalescent fluid, which contain acid phosphatase and protein. It is discharged into the urethra by contraction of the muscular stroma at ejaculation. Enzymes that split organic phosphates are present in many human tissues, but their concentration in the adult prostate is several hundred times greater than in any other organ or tissues. (This high level is not achieved until after puberty)
BENIGN ENLARGEMENT OF THE PROSTATE

Benign enlargement of the prostate usually occurs in men over 50 years of age, most often between 60 and 70. (After 45- 50 years the prostate is either enlarged (BHP) or reduced in size (Senile atrophy). These changes are progressive till death.] In Indian, prostatic enlargement is less frequent and occurs more often in a younger age group.

Theories of causation:
It is usually attributed to the endocrine changes of aging.

Hormone theory: As age advances the male hormone (androgen) diminishes while the quantity of the oestrogenic hormone is not decreased equally. According to this theory the prostat3e enlarges because of predominance of oestrogenic hormone. The prostatic enlargement can be regarded as involuntary hyperplasia due to disturbance of the ratio and quantity of the circulating androgens and oestrogens.

Neoplastic theory: Postulates that the enlargement is a benign neoplasm “fibromyoadenoma” [as the prostate is composed of fibrous, muscular and glandular tissues]

Pathology:
The pathological changes are confined to the inner zone glands of lateral or middle lobe or of both. This pathological changes consists of an increase in number of glands [adenosis] and in their cellularity [epitheliosis] and increase also in the amount of fibrous tissue in the stroma

[Stromal proliferation] between the glands, and there is formation of small cysts if the ducts of the glands are blocked. [The histological changes are closely resembles those of fibro adenosis in the female breast.]
If adenosis and cyst formation predominate, the inner zone enlarges (sometimes to a remarkable extent) and this hypertrophied inner zone compress the outer zone of glands that forms a false capsule. This false capsule compresses, distorts and elongates the prostatic urethra, so that the out flow of urine from the bladder is obstructed.

With the prostatic hypertrophy, which obstructs the flow of urine from the bladder, secondary pathological changes may occur in the bladder, ureters and kidneys.

In bladder these changes consists of
TrabeculatIon- hypertrophied bands of muscle fibers are formed inside the bladder
Infection
Stone,
Diverticula formation-there is shallow depression [known as sacculation] in between the hypertrophied muscle fibers of the bladder. Some times one of the saccules (rarely two or more) continues to enlarge and forms a diverticulum.
Upper urinary tract –
Dilatation of ureters and pelvis -caused by back pressure.
Infection and
Stone.
Kidney
Chronic renal failure.

Clinical features

Clinical features of benign hypertrophy of prostate are those of obstruction to the out flow of urine from the bladder and these are variable according to the lobes affected.

Frequency is the earliest symptoms especially at night. [Usually commencing at 2 or 3 a.m.] Increase frequency of micturition is due to inadequate emptying of the bladder and due to presence of sensitive prostatic mucus membrane of the intravesical enlargement of the prostate. The frequency becomes progressive and is then present both by night and by day.

Urgency due to the fact that urine escapes through the stretched vesical sphincter in to sensitive prostatic mucosa [empty prostatic urethra], which causes reflex for intense desires to void.
Difficulty in micturition — Difficulty in starting micturition. He must wait patiently for urination to start. Strains hinder the flow rather than increasing the flow. The stream is weak and dribbles down instead of being projected. Patient should be asked weather strains improve the streams (as in urethral stricture) or retard the stream- (enlarged prostate.)

Enlargement of median lobe not only projects in to the bladder but also forms a sort of valve over the internal urethral orifice. So that the more the patient strain the more does it obstruct the passage. Urine passes when the patient relaxes.

Acute retention of urine– Patient has an urgent desire to micturate but is unable to do so and the bladder is distended, tense and tender. Acute retension of the urine may be the first symptoms compel the patient to seek releaf because of the intense pain it produces.

micturation, indulgence in alcoholic liquors particularly when he goes out of doors on a cold night and confinement to bed on account of some intercurrent illness or operation are common precipitating causes of acute retension of urine.

Chronic retention with over flow– Each time the patient micturates the evacuation is incomplete and the bladder gradually but progressively distends. The patient may be unaware that his bladder is distended but usually complains that he has little control over the small quantities of urine, which overflow down the urethra at frequent intervals. Nocturnal enuresis should be a warning sign. Chronic retension indicates severe and prolonged obstruction and is often associated with dilatation of upper urinary tract, vesico- uriteric reflux, infection and chronic renal failure.

Stream is variable, often weak, tending to stop and start and dribbles towards the end of micturition.
Pain occurs with cystitis or acute retension of urine.
When hydronephrosis commences there may be a dull pain in the loins. A feeling of weight in the perineum, or fullness in the rectum is occasional complaints.
Recurrent or persistent infections and stones in the bladder and sometimes in the kidneys.
Haematuria or urethral bleeding may occur when the prostate gland is congested and sometimes is the only symptoms of prostatic hypertrophy. Occasionally alarming haematuria occurs from a ruptured prostatic vein or from erosion on the enlarged prostate itself.
Chronic renal failure– The patient present himself with signs of chronic renal failure.

Secondary effects of prostatic enlargement
Urethra: – The portion of urethra lying above the erumontanum becomes elongated, sometimes to as much as twice its normal length. The canal is compressed laterally so that it tends to become an antro-posterior slit.
(Verurnontanum – a median longitudinal ridge of mucus membrane present on the posterior wall of prostatic urethra – also known as urethral crest]
Bladder: – The musculature of the bladder hypertrophies to overcome the obstruction. When the middle lobe projects upwards in to the bladder it acts as a dam to the last ounce of urine, which remains in the prostatic pouch. Calculi are prone to form in this stagnant pool of urine.
Trabiculations, sacculations and diverticulum formation are also may found in the bladder.
The enlarged prostate may compress the prostatic venous plexus; the resulting congested veins (vesical piles) at the base of bladder are apto cause haematuria.
Unless the obstruction is relieved a time is reached when bladder hypertrophy gives place to atony. The tired muscle making no attempt to overcome the obstruction.
Ureters and Kidneys: – Increasing intravesical pressure or in some cases direct pressure of the intravesical portion of the prostate on the ureteric orifices causes gradual dilatation of ureters, followed by some degree of bilateral hydronephrosis. When bladder hypertrophy wanes the sphincter mechanism around the ureteric orifices ceases to function permitting reflux of urine from the bladder in to the dilated ureters with increasing damage to the renal parenchyma. As a result of ascending infection acute or chronic pyelonephritis supervenes.
Sexual organs: – In the early stages of prostatic enlargement there is increased libido. Later impotence is the rule.

Examinations

Examination of the abdomen- Obstruction to the out flow of urine from the bladder will be found on palpation, percussion and sometimes on inspection with loss of the transverse supra-pubic skin crease. The renal areas should be palpated for tenderness and possible enlargement of the kidneys.
Examination of the tongue- Dry brown tongue and urine of low specific gravity indicate renal insufficiency.
Examination of urinary meatus- to exclude stenosis.
Rectal examination- Findings on rectal examination vary depending on which lobe or lobes of the prostate are involved. If the lateral lobes are involved the prostate feel large and smooth, is elastic and uniform in consistence and mobile
If the middle lobe alone is affected, the prostate feels normal on examination because an enlarged middle lobe projects forwards into the rectum and can be recognized only by cystoscopy.
Residual urine may be felt as a fluctuating swelling above the prostate. It should be noted that if there is considerable amount of residual urine present, it pushes the prostate downwards making it appear larger than it is.
When possible, the act of micturition should be watched. Loss of projectile power is significant.
A mid stream specimen of urine sent for bacteriological examination.
Nervous system examination- to eliminate neurological lesion.
Diabetes mellitus
Tabes
Disseminated sclerosis
Cervical spondylosis may give symptoms that mimic prostatic
Parkinson’s disease and obstruction
Other neurological states
The micturograph—A graphic recording of patients stream rate and volume of the urine can be obtained and is most helpful in determining the degree of outflow obstruction.
Examination of blood
a] Blood urea
b] Blood count being essential.
c] Serological test for syphilis.
Examination of urine-
a] For evidence of infection
b] Culture
c] Test for the presence of glucose.
Intravenous urography- it has been the tradition to perform an intravenous urograph when investigating patients with bladder out flow obstruction. The plaine film may show the presence of a calculus whether in the kidney or in the bladder. It will also show if there is degenerative disease of the lumbar spine and sometimes the characteristics feature of a sclerotic bony metastasis from carcinoma of the prostate. It will show the contour of the bladder and whether trabiculation, sacculation or a diverticulum is present. A film after micturition reveals significant residual urine.
Ultra sound examination
Urodynamics- when a clear diagnosis has not been reached or if neuropathy is suspected an urodynamic investigation can usually established whether bladder out flow obstruction is present. [The principle is artificially simulate bladder filling and emptying whilst obtaining scientific measurement of the various functions involved] Recording of the residual volume, the intravesical pressure, the bladder capacity and the sensation of fullness can all be obtained quite simply.
Cysto urethroscopy- inspection of the urethra, the prostate and urothelium of the bladder should always be made before prostatectomy. It beeing important to exclude the presence of urethral stricture, a bladder carcinoma and the occasional non-radio opaque vesical calculus.
Catheterization and residual urine- Introduction of a catheter may determine the type of obstruction in urethra. With an enlarged prostate obstruction is encountered after the catheter has gone beyond the apex of the prostate due to kinking of prostatic urethra.
Residual urine [amount of urine collected by means of a catheter after the patient has voided urine] is a good indication of the capacity of the retro- prostatic pouch particularly in case of prostatic enlargement.
Treatment

Benign hypertrophy of prostate is treated not because the gland is large but because it is causing obstruction. There is no correlation between the size of the prostate assessed by rectal examination and the degree of obstruction.

Treatment may reduce the congestion in the gland, control infection and improve renal function and patient’s general condition. Acute urinary retention is distressing and painful. It requires decompression of the bladder by the passage of a urethral catheter.

Chronic urinary retension, which is painless, and having no symptoms suggestive of coexistent infection and with the normal serum creatinie level do not necessarily require a catheter.

Uraemic patient with chronic retension are often dehydrated at the time of admission. Due to the chronic back pressure on the distal tubules within the kidney, loss of their ability to reabsorb salt and water. Then there is enormous out flow of salt and water, which has become known as a post obstructive diuresis. Intravenous fluid replacement is required if the patient is unable to keep up with this fluid loss. .

Complication of operation: –

3). CARCINOMA OF PROSTATE
Carcinoma of the prostate is the common malignant condition in men over the age of 65 years. About 20% of cases of prostatic obstruction prove to be due to carcinoma Carcinoma of prostate, which is an adeno-carcinoma, starts on the outer zone glands of a normal or hypertrophied prostate and may occur in the false capsule deliberately left behind after prostatectomy for benign hypertrophy. So prostatectomy for benign hypertrophy of gland confers little protection from the subsequent development of carcinoma.

4) CLINICAL FEATURES: (Frequency, urgency and difficulty of micturition.) But the main difference is that the history is quit short and they
Carcinoma prostate usually occurs in older man. Symptoms are very similar to benign hypertrophy of prostate. get worse rapidly. Incontinence a short history of up to 6 month and pain on micturition are suggestive features of carcinoma in a patient with history of prostatism.

According to the progression of disease; it can be classified in to 5 types.
Type 1: Discovered only on histological examination of tissue removed at prostatectomy.
Type 2: Rectal findings of a hard nodule or extension outside the capsule, investigated by perineal biopsy.
Type 3: The primary may be tiny and occult, the patient presenting with the rheumatism or arthritis with blood acidphosphatase level often very high. Urinary symptoms are absent or slight. The prostate specific antigen (PSA) is high.
Type 4: Pain in the back or sciatica is the main symptoms. Bilateral sciatica in an elderly man is most often due to metastases in the spine from a carcinoma of the prostate. Oedema of one or either legs, paraplegia or a spontaneous fracture is occasionally due to metastases from a carcinoma of the prostate. Anaemia may be the presenting symptoms.
On account of destruction of bone marrow, bone metastases from carcinoma of prostate can give rise to a haernorrhagic diathesis and the patient suffers haernorrhage often severe, not necessarily from the urinary tract.
If the malignant gland obstructs the urethra, the patient complaints of difficulties in micturition, urinary retension, infection, stones or renal failure. (Indistinguishable from those caused by benign hypertrophy of prostate) Because carcinoma begins in outer zone glands, it only obstruct the urethra when it is locally advanced and some patient have no urinary symptoms but they have pain in back or sciatica caused by bony metastases.

INVESTIGATION

6).DRUG TREATMENT (HOMOEOPATHIC)
Carcinocine . Plumb met Sulphur
Conium mac Psorinum Thuja
Crot. hor (pain with) Selenium Silicea
Cop Sence , Iodum

PROSTATITIS

Acute prostatitis is usually seen in men between the ages of 30 and 50. In both acute and chronic prostatitis the seminal vesicles and the prostatic urethra are also usually involved. Then there is a triad of pathological condition namely posterior urethritis, prostatitis and seminal vesIculitis. Acute prostatitis is a common clinical condition seen in our day today practice.

AETIOLOGY
The usual organism responsible is E. coli. But staphylococcus aureas and albus, streptococcus faecalis and the gonococcus may be responsible.

The infection is haematogenous from a distant focus notably furunculosis, infected tonsils, caries teeth or diverticulitis. In a minority of cases, the infection ascends from the urethra or descends from the bladder or kidney.

CLINICAL FEATURES

Infection usually blood borne. General manifestations are- the patient feels ill, shivers, may have rigor, aching all over, especially the back. The temperature may be up to 39-c. Pain on micturition is usual. Perineal heaviness, rectal irritation and pain on defecation may occur and sitting may be uncomfortable. Frequency occurs when the infection spreads up to the bladder.
Rectal examination-reveals a tender prostate and the seminal vesicle may be involved.

CHRONIC PROSTATITIS
Aetiology: is a sequel of inadequately treated acute prostatitis. Smears show bacteria in about 40% and cultures are positive in 70% of cases. The predominant organisms are E. coli, Staphylococcus, streptococcus and Diphtheroids in that order. Trichomonas has been found to be a cause of chronic prostatitis (and may be common to both husband and wife) Chlamydia is another causative organism.
PATHOLOGY
Lumen of the ducts becomes blocked with epithelial debris and pus. This causes a soft enlargement of the organ. Later fibrosis occurs, and the prostate becomes smaller and harder.

CLINICAL FEATURES
Causing chronic posterior urethritis- specimen shows 50 or more pus cells/ HPF.
Causing epididymitis
Pain- Local pain (dull ache) in the perineum and rectum. Aggravated by sitting on a hard chair.
Referred pain- Low back ache, lumbago, some times extending down the leg.
Silent prostatitis— Pus has been obtained from the prostate. No other symptoms. (But patient may have arthritis, myositis, neuritis and sometimes iritis and conjunctivitis.)
Recurring attacks of mild pyrexia.
Sexual dysfunction— Premature ejaculations, prostatorrhoea and impotence.
DIAGNOSIS
A 3-glass urine test- If the first glass shows urine containing prostatic threads, prostatitis is present.
Rectal examination- May or may not confirm the diagnosis.
Examination of the prostatic fluid- Obtained by prostatic massage. (Normal prostatic fluid is slightly opalescent and viscid.) May show many pus cells and sometimes bacteria.
Urethroscopy— Reveals inflammation of prostatic urethra.
TREATMENT

Acute prostatitis: Avoidance of alcohol and sexual intercourse for six week is wise.

7)
PROSTATIC CALCULI
Two types
1.Endogenous: Common — are usally composed of calcium phospahte plus 20% of organic material
2. Exogenous: Rare– is a urinary (ureteric) calculus that become arrested in prostatic urethra.

CLINICAL FEATURES
Often symptomless, being discovered on X- ray of pelvis for any other cause. Symptoms are at first those of chronic prostatis or prostatic obstruction.
Treatment
Small calculi; Symptoms mild – Treatment of c/c prostatitis
Trans urethral resection
Retropubic prostato lithotomy
TUBERCULOSIS OF THE PROSTATE
Tuberculosis of prostate and seminal vesicles associated with renal tuberculosis in at least 60%. In 30% there is history of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Rectal examination reveals one or more well defined nodules most often near the upper or lower border of one or both lateral lobe.
CLINICAL FEATURES
Urethral discharge is the first symptoms. Painful sometimes bloodstained ejaculation (20 %). Mild ache in the perineum. Infertility (fertility very much reduced). 80% are sterile.
Urinary symptoms— When the posterior urethra becomes involved from extension of tuberculosis from the prostate- there is painful, frequent micturition and sometimes terminal haematuria.
Abscess formation- Cold abscess formation in the prostate. (Slightly tender soft swelling) It usually ruptured in to the urethra, rarely through the perineum or in to the rectum. If a recto— prostatic fistula develops it is extremely difficult to heal even when the tuberculous infection has been eliminated. (If a prostatic abscess forms it is better to evacuate it by the perineal route than to permit it to rupture spontaneously.)

HOMOEOPATHY AND PROSTATE

8)
1. The unique feature of homoeopathy philosophy is that homoeopathy aims at treating the patient who is diseased rather than merely treating the diseased organs of the patient. ‘Treat the patient, not the disease’ is a dictum practiced by homoeopaths over 200 years. This simply means that the disease should not be treated superficially as if it is an independent entity in the body. Instead it is perceived that every disease is a result of the dysfunction of the whole body, as every system in the human body is interlinked. When we approach the patient with the idea of ‘treating the patient and not the disease,’ it is important to note that the disease gets automatically treated when the ‘patient as a whole’ is treated.

This holds true with prostate diseases also. Whether it is prostatitis or prostate enlargement homoeopathy perceives this as total affliction of body and not of the prostate gland alone.

The basic approach in homeopathy is to evaluate the diseases of prostate in its whole extent, whereby a lot of emphasis is given to the patient as a whole besides minutely studying various aspects of the prostate disorders. This is called as totalistic approach.

Constitutional approach

As per the classical homeopathy, we believe in constitutional prescribing. It can be easily perceived that no two individuals are identical. Out physique, emotions, life styles vary so much from one another. Same holds true with disease. Everybody experiences same disease in different ways. This calls for individual case study in every case of Prostate disease. There is no single specific remedy for all the cases of Prostate disorders.

which includes various aspects of his physical ailments as well as the in-depth study of the mental sphere, such as emotions, psychosocial background, and behavior and personality pattern.

Every patient of Prostate disease is evaluated as an individual case and treated as such. While making the case analysis of patient having prostate affliction patient’s minutest of the details about the presenting complaints are noted carefully, as regard to the severity of pain, various urinary complaints, associated complaints, triggering factors, extent of enlargement of the gland or elevations in PSA levels of blood, etc. Besides, a grater deal of emphasis is given to patient’s individual features such as eating habits, food preference, thermal attributes, and sleep pattern. The study of the patient’s mind and emotional spheres is conducted meaningfully. Furthermore, patient’s history of past diseases and that of the family diseases is understood to know the miasmatic background of the patient.

In cases of BPH decades-long notion is to remove the gland. However homoeopathy can treat these problems gently effectively without using knife. As now perceived BPH is though to be related to aging process and hormonal deviations associated with it. Homoeopathy, which works at deep, constitutional level, brings back these deviations to normal, thus preventing further enlargement. To certain extent it can shrink the enlarged gland. Moreover relief of symptoms associated with urinary problems obtained with homoeopathy is without the side effects of surgery.

There is an important consideration while starting treatment for prostate cancer in early lesions, which are entirely a symptomatic and discovered incidentally. Many of these patients may be very old and the treatment if too radical could have possibly more side effects and risks, which could outweigh the possible benefits the patient would derive from it. It is possible to mange such cases efficiently with homoeopathy. Moreover homoeopathy can be the best option to produce palliative treatment.

Homoeopathy medicines
There are over 3000 medicines in homeopathy used for a range of problems. It should be noted that there is no single specific medicine for prostate diseases. For every individual medicine is selected to the basis of constitutional approach.

Duration of homoeopathy treatment varies from person to person and depends on extent of the disease, since how long the patient has the problem, general state of health of the patient, size of the gland etc.

9)

Homoeopathic medicine

ACUTE REMEDIES
Chimaphila umbellata- Acts principally on kidneys and genitourinary tract. Prostatic enlargement- must strain before flow comes. Scanty urine. Acute prostatis, retension and feeling of a ball in perineum. Unable to urinate without standing with feet wide apart and body inclined forward. Urine turbid, offensive containing ropy or bloody mucus and depositing a copious sediment.
Ferrum picricum— is considered a great remedy to complete the action of other medicine. Senile hypertrophy of the prostate. Pain along entire urethra. Frequent micturition at night with full feeling and pressure in rectum. Smarting at neck of bladder and penis. Retonsion of urine.
Hydrangea— A remedy for gravel, profuse deposit of white amorphous salts in urine. Burning in urethra and frequent desire. Urine hard to start. Great thirst with abdominal symptoms and enlarged prostate.
Populus tremuloides- Catarrh of the bladder especially in old people. Good remedy in vesical troubles after operations. Severe tenesmus. Painful scalding. Prostate enlarged. Pain behind pubis at end of urination. Indigestion and acidity.
Sabal aerrulata— Has unquestioned value in prostatic enlargement, epididymitis and urinary difficulties. Acts on membrano-prostatic portion of urethra. Iritis with prostatic trouble. Fear of going to sleep. Desire for milk. Constant desire to pass water at night. Cystitis with prostatic hypertrophy. Discharge of prostatic fluid. Coitus painful at the time of emission.
Senecio aureus- Has marked action over the urinary organs. Scanty high coloured urine with much mucus and tenusmus. Great heat and constant urging. Dull heavy pain in spermatic cord extending to testicles. Ikshuganda (Tribulus terrestris)- Useful in urinary affection, especially dysurea, prostatitis and calculus affection.

Solidago virga — Urine scanty, reddish brown, thick sediment, dysurea, gravel. Difficult and scanty. Clear and offensive urine. Some times make the use of catheter unnecessary . History of TB . lascivious dreams with involuntary emission
Pareira brava— prostatic affections and catarrh of bladder. Constant urging, great straining can emit urine only when he goes on his knees pressing head firmly against the floor. Dribbling after rnicturition. Urethritis with prostatic trouble. Animal like. Oedema of lower lims cramps in limbs on attending to urinate.
Picricum acidum – Prostatic hypertrophy, especially in cases not too for advanced. Dribbling micturition. Nightly urging.
Eupatorium purpureum- strangury, irritable bladder, and enlarged prostate are a special feud for this remedy. Constant desire – bladder feels dull.
Copaiva — Act powerfully on mucus membrane especially that of urinary tract turbid color. Peculiar pungent odor.
Cubeba– _ Mucus membrane generally especially that of the urinary tract. Prostatis with thick yellow discharge.

11).
CONSTITUTINOL

Sulphur- Frequent micturition especially at night. Burning in urethra during micturition lasts long after. Parts sore over which urine passes. Must hurry, sudden call to urinate. Great quantities of colourless urine.

Thuia- Urinary stream split and small. Frequent micturition accompanying pains. Sensation of trickling after urinating. Severe cutting after. Desire sudden and urgent but can not be controlled .Pain and burning felt near neck of bladder with frequent and urgent desire to urinate.
Argentum nitricum – Emission of a few drops after having finished. Divided stream. Profuse urine and terrible cutting pain. Bloody urine. Urine passes unconsciously day and night. Impotence. Erection fails when coition is attempted. With defiulty in last stream in prosctile stream.
Baryta carb- Diseases of the old man when degenerative changes begin who have hypertrophied prostate or indurated testis. Very sensitive to cold, offensive foot sweats, very weak and weary must sit or lie down or lean on something. Every time pasint urenets his piles comes down .

Clematis, typically needed when the man has the sensation that the bladder is never empty. The patient complains that there is always some urine left (usually the first indication of prostate gland problems). Another symptom is the feeble urine stream due to the constrictionof the urethra. Frequently, there is involuntary dribbling or loss of urine, so that the patient has to stay at the toilet for a while in order not to wet his trousers. This patient can also suffer from a burning pain at the cessation of urination.
Selenium . The dominating characteristic is the physical and mental debility and exhaustion of the patient. A classical example is the patient with an increased sexual desire and the inability to have an erection . At the same time, he experiences physical weakness from the slightest exertion, also obvious after the few times he manages to have sex. He loses prostatic fluid during stool or sleep. Some very specific symptoms calling for Selenium are hoarseness and hair loss on any part of the body (including eyelashes and pubic hair).
digitalis we think of a heart remedy. Yet homeopathic Digitalis is the most important remedy for urine retention caused by an enlarged prostate. There is a strong desire to urinate but it is impossible for the patient to do so. He also feels his heart beating in his bladder and has a constant urge to urinate (tenesmus) at night. Then he has the strange feeling that the bladder is always full, even after urination. The above symptoms should alert the vigilant physician to the use of digitalis.
Zincum metallicum, homeopathic zinc, is very specific for the man who can only urinate when sitting on the toilet. It is impossible for him to urinate while standing. Classically, his symptoms are also aggravated by drinking wine.
Staphysagria. The causalities for this remedy are sexual excesses and humiliation situations like verbal, physical, emotional or sexual abuse. Specifically these men can be impotent with their wives, yet have an erection when they masturbate. Often they have strong sexual dreams and thoughts when in bed, forcing them to masturbate in order to fall asleep. Uncontrolled itching of the testes may be symptomatic.

Thyroidinum— Increased flow of urine. Poly urea. Desire for sweets and thirst for cold water. Worse riding in car.
Beuzoicum acidum– Highly colured and very offensive urine.
Conium mac— Acts on glandular system—engorging and indurating it. Altering its structure like scrofulous and cancerous conditions. Much difficulty in voiding urine. It flows and stops again. Dribbling in old men.
Iodum — Frequent and copious dark yellow green. History of glandular inlargement thyroid disese.
Lycopodium – Urine slow in coming, must strain. Retension. Polyurea during the night.

Pulsatilla— Increased desire worse when lying down. Involuntary urination at night while coughing. Acute prostatitis. Pain and tenesmus in urinating worse lying on back.
Hepar sulph- Urine voided slowly with out force- drops vertically seems as if some always remained. Bladder difficulties of old men
Medorrhinum—painful tenesmus when urinating. Urine flows very slowly. Enlarged and painful prostate with frequent urging and painful urination
Nitric acid—Scanty dark offensive smells like horse urine. Cold on passing. Alternation of cloudy phosphatic urine with profuse urinary secretions in old prostatic cases.

12)
(i) LOW FAT/HIGH PROTEIN DIET: diet that is low in carbohydrates, low in animal fats, and high in essential fatty acids. unprocessed foods, and eat plenty of sunflower or pumpkin seeds each day. Add raw tomatoes to your diet.
(ii) PUSH THE FLUIDS: Drink plenty of fluids. Adequate fluid intake can help prevent bladder infections, cystitis, and kidney problems that are often associated with an enlarged prostate.
(iii) INCREASE FIBER: More fiber in the diet may reduce the risk of prostate cancer by lowering the levels of reproductive hormones in the body.

Lifestyle Changes:

1 AN ANNUAL PROSTATE EXAM:-

2. MAINTAIN IDEAL WEIGHT:.
3. ABSTAIN FROM ALCOHOL:
4. KEEP CHOLESTEROL DOWN:
With regard to the homeopathic treatment for Prostate troubles, the Homoeopathic approach is essentially a constitutional and individualistic treatment. The homeopathy treatment is determined after evaluation of the patient’s case in detail.

To treat Various diseases Homeopath may fail but the Homeopathy can not .